pO2 ESTIMATION... You can use this calculator to determine
the partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) --
or any other gas species in a mixture -- from ambient temperature, ambient
pressure (in the gas phase), fractional concentration of the gas species
of interest in a dry gas mix, and the percent saturation of
water vapor (i.e., relative humidity) in the gas phase. Oxygen (or other
gases) are diluted by water vapor, and the degree of that dilution depends
on RH and temperature.
In the example at right, pressure is sea level standard atmospheric pressure(760
torr), temperature is the typical mammalian body temperature (37 °C),
etc. Note that at this temperature the saturation vapor pressure of water
is about 47.6 torr (this is not affected by the total pressure in the system).
Other considerations for this calculator:
- The calculated pO2 value is applicable
for the gas phase, and also for dissolved oxygen, as long as the solution
is fully saturated with O2.
- The default pressure (torr or kilopascals, kPa) is obtained from the
current data file; the default temperature is 37 °C, and the default
fractional gas concentration is .2095 (20.95%, the normal oxygen content
of dry atmospheric air).
DISSOLVED OXYGEN... This calculator determines the amount of oxygen dissolved in a given volume water, as a function of partial pressure, temperature, and salinity (dissolved solutes).
In the example at right, pressure is sea level standard atmospheric pressure (760
torr), temperature 10 °C, the water is fully saturated with oxygen,
and there are 2 parts/thousand of dissolved solutes (reasonable for fairly fresh water). The calculator provides the dissolved oxygen per unit volume, and for the total volume.